On 26 April 2018, BSM Maritime Training Centre (Philippines) will host our next MRM Facilitator training event in the Philippines. The event will take place at BSM Maritime Training Centre’s facilities in Malate, Manila. We are pleased to cooperate with Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement (BSM), who is a long-term MRM licensee, on these issues and we have many good experiences from the past. In March 2016, for example, we joined Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement at their training facilities in Limassol, Cyprus. Now it’s time for the Philippines. For more information and registration, click here.
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Why separate people in training who work together on board? We don’t think that’s a good idea and this is in fact the main reason we moved from the “old” term Bridge Resource Management (BRM) to Maritime Resource Management (MRM) long time ago now. Martin Hernqvist of ALL Academy, who personally was involved in the development of the first ever BRM course in the early 1990s, admits the term BRM was a dead end.
The benefits of bringing all people together in resource management training was clearly demonstrated by Azalea Maritime in Montenegro during an MRM course carried out in early November 2017. In an article published after the course, Azalea Maritime says:
“The approach to integrate all the resources involved in the maritime business of safe ship operation which started with the integration of the bridge, engine and cargo team into one single team, has proven to be more effective than having these teams in separate trainings.”
Furthermore; “The feedback from all parties involved (trainees, Principal representatives, etc.) was very positive. The training exceeded their expectations based on usual requirements set in resource management courses found elsewhere. All the team members had previously attended resource management training on several occasions, but never experienced the cooperation/common problem solving that all the teams achieved during this Maritime Resource Management.”
Azalea Maritime made extensive use of simulators during the MRM course. Using simulators may help in the implementation of the message of the course but is not a requirement. Click here or on the picture for the full article.
What have politics to do with maritime human factors training? Or rather, what can politicians learn from an industry where leadership, communication, challenge & response and situation awareness are critical in order to make good decisions and to get things right? It turned out, quite a lot. Martin Hernqvist of ALL Academy, who gave the presentation, said he had never before illustrated the need for resource management with such an odd example, far from the maritime business. The presentation clearly showed that resource management is not just for shipping and aviation. The ideas can be applied in everything that we do – at work and in our personal lives – in situations where good decsions are critical. “It was a little bit of an experiment”, Martin admits after his presentation. “Politics may be sensitive, people may have very strong opinions about it and you don’t know who is in the audience.” However, the presentation was well received at the CrewConnect Europe Conference and Martin claimed he had never before received so many positive comments from delagates after a presentation like this time in Copenhagen.
What can we learn from this? First, looking at things from a different perspective is always important. Second, if you have an idea that you wish to try – no matter how odd it may seem – “just do it”.
Yet another successful MRM Facilitator training event carried out. This time in Manila. A big thank you to our participants from Grieg Philippines Inc., MSI Ship Management Pte. Ltd., PSA Marine (Pte) Ltd and ZRC Training Center Phils., Inc. A special thanks to Grieg Philippines Inc. for being an excellent host for our event!
Thanks everyone who attended the MRM Facilitator seminar at Waterstones Hotel and Club in Mumbai on 28 February! Very good discussions and too little time. We’ll have to come back to India soon again.
Participating companies were:
- Global Maritime Training Centre
- Goodwood Ship Management Pte. Ltd.
- MSI Shipping Services India Pvt Ltd.
- Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies
- Scorpio Marine Management India
- Seaspan Crew Management Ltd.
Analysis of CHIRP* near-miss reports for the period 2003-2015 reveals important facts. Described as the “Deadly Dozen”, and published in the UK MCA’s Marine Guidance Note MGN 520 (M) in December 2016, the analysis has identified twelve important factors in maritime safety. Situation Awareness is found at the top of the list. 22.5% of the reported incidents are attributed to lack of Situation Awareness according to the analysis. Alerting ends up in second place followed by Communication as number three. This is the complete list:
- Situation Awareness – 22.5%
- Alerting – 15.3%
- Communication – 13.4%
- Complacency – 12.6%
- Culture – 11.4%
- Local practices – 7.4%
- Teamwork – 6.8%
- Capability – 4.9%
- Pressure – 1.9%
- Distractions – 1.8%
- Fatigue – 1.2%
- Fit for duty – 0.8%
The results of the analysis come as no surprise to MRM training providers. These areas have been key priority areas in the MRM training programme ever since resource management training was introduced in the maritime industry in the early 1990s. The list of factors is in fact very similar to the MRM course syllabus, even if the term ‘Challenge and Response’ is used instead of ‘Alerting’. Flag States’ recognition of human and organizational factors in maritime safety is very welcomed indeed. This has taken a long, long time and we are still not where we would like to be in the maritime industry. Accidents still take place at a higher frequency than needed but we are slowly moving in the right direction. The statistics produced by CHIRP and UK MCA is helpful.
More information about the “Deadly Dozen” is found in the UK’s Maritime & Coastguard Agency’s Marine Guidance Note MGN 520 (M). The document is definitely worthwhile reading for MRM training providers and MRM trainees and contains also some ‘DOs and DON’Ts’ for each identified factor. Click the picture below for the full document.
* CHIRP is an abbreviation of Confidential Hazardous Incident Reporting Programme. CHIRP has its own website.
ALL Academy wishes to thank all participants and the host, Columbia Shipmanagement (CSM), for a very good MRM Facilitator training event in Limassol on 17 January 2017. Eight of the participants came from Columbia Shipmanagement, three from Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement MTC and one from Marlow Navigation. Countries represented at the event were Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Latvia, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Tunisia and Ukraine. Below are photos from the event. (Photo credit: Natalie Sey, CSM)
Next MRM Train the Trainer events will take place in important seafarer locations – Mumbai and Manila. On Tuesday February 28th we will meet in Mumbai and two days later, on Thursday March 2nd, we will gather in Manila. Many thanks to Grieg Philippines Inc for being the host in Manila.
More information and registration forms are found here.
In a report just published by the mutual hull insurer and P&I club The Swedish Club, lack of MRM has been identified as a common contributing factor in navigational accidents. The report is based on hull and machinery claims between 2004 and 2013 and the navigational claims – collisions, contacts and groundings – have been analyzed in more detail. The report lists a number of contributing factors behind these claims. The most important being:
- Non-adherence to procedures
- Ineffective communication
- Poor lookout
- Lack of situation awareness
The report confirms the picture that we have seen for a long time – accidents are caused by “non-technical” factors rather than lack of technical skills. The non-technical factors are the focus area of Maritime Resource Management (MRM) training and the report also concludes that shipping companies need to better implement MRM in their organizations for substantial improvements to be seen.
Click here or the picture below for the report (1.5 MB, pdf-format).
On 5th February 2015, Training Center “Sovcomflot” in St. Petersburg signed an MRM licence and support agreement with ALL Academy International AB. Signatories were Captain Igor Pankov, Head of Training Center “Sovcomflot”, and Martin Hernqvist of ALL Academy International AB.
Sovcomflot is Russia’s largest shipping company and one of the world’s leading energy transporters. Its fleet consists of 153 vessels (12,74 million dwt) and 9 newbuildings (0,33 million dwt). The average age of the vessels is about 9,2 years and all tankers are double-hulled. The corporate structure involves shipowning, commercial and technical management and the company employs 4450 Russian seafarers and 2213 shore-based personnel.
Training is important and at the heart of this system are the Sovcomflot Training Centre in St. Petersburg and the Novoship Training Centre in Novorossiysk. The Sovcomflot Training Center in St. Petersburg was opened on 22 December 2012 and the training center became operational in 2013.